The superficial veins just under the skin drain by way of one-way valves into the deep veins. When these valves break down, the contracting muscle can force blood under high pressure into the superficial veins. This can cause pain and over time can cause varicose and spider veins. Compression stockings can support wall of varicose veins and help blood flow back to the heart. They may help with the pain and aching of varicose veins and may slow down the progression of the disease, but they are a varicose vein treatment and not a cure. Varicose veins are permanently damaged and must be treated properly by an experienced vein specialist in order to receive a cure.
Pain in the legs is frequently related to varicose veins. The bulging of the walls gives rise to discomfort. Symptoms include feelings of fatigue, heaviness, aching, burning, throbbing, itching and cramping. These symptoms often are accompanied by swelling, which frequently appears later in the day after long hours of standing.
Additional risks of untreated venous insufficiency include deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, a potentially fatal event. Patients with venous insufficiency may complain of aching, fatigue, itching or restless legs. Symptoms worsen at the end of the day. Relief is obtained with leg elevation, support stockings and pain medication. Because symptom onset is gradual, this disease may take years or decades to become apparent. All too often patients and physicians alike defer seeking care.